What is periodontal disease ? Is gum disease and periodontitis the same thing? What about gingivitis? These are common questions people who are concerned about the state of their oral health. Although rare in younger people, it is a rampant problem in adults. If you are concerned, you may have been noticing some symptoms of gum disease, some of which include: tender and inflamed gums which bleed easily, bad breath, pus coming from gums, buildups of plaque around gums, and loose teeth.
The cause gum disease can be due to multiple reasons like not brushing enough, smoking, stress, and poor diet. Unfortunately, this condition can also be hereditary, just like other diseases. Also, those with weakened immune systems due to conditions like diabetes, AIDS, or leukemia can also be susceptible to periodontitis.
Gingivitis describes the red inflammation of the teeth; while periodontitis is a more advanced stage of gum disease when the gum starts to pull away from the tooth that also creates pain while chewing, sores, or loose teeth. Your treatment will depend on the severity of your problem; those with mild gingivitis may be resolved just by proactive brushing, flossing, and regular cleanings. While those with more advanced gum disease can require an advanced procedure, or surgery.
Tooth scaling and root planning involves scraping off tartar above and below your gums, then smoothing out rough spots on each tooth’s root, so bacteria has a harder time adhering. Flap surgery may also be performed where the tartar is removed from pockets and formed alongside teeth. Grafts are only used when bone and tissue have rotted and you need a graft to replace the infected areas. Some may also use guided tissue regeneration which is a technique that allows for bone and tissue to grow by itself. Talk to your Maricopa dentist today to get back on track with your oral health today!